недеља, 20. октобар 2013.

IRREGULAR VERBS - LIST

Spisak nepravilnih glagola u engleskom jeziku:
VerbPast SimplePast Participle
arisearosearisen
babysitbabysatbabysat
bewas / werebeen
beatbeatbeaten
becomebecamebecome
bendbentbent
beginbeganbegun
betbetbet
bindboundbound
bitebitbitten
bleedbledbled
blowblewblown
breakbrokebroken
breedbredbred
bringbroughtbrought
broadcastbroadcastbroadcast
buildbuiltbuilt
buyboughtbought
catchcaughtcaught
choosechosechosen
comecamecome
costcostcost
cutcutcut
dealdealtdealt
digdugdug
dodiddone
drawdrewdrawn
drinkdrankdrunk
drivedrovedriven
eatateeaten
fallfellfallen
feedfedfed
feelfeltfelt
fightfoughtfought
findfoundfound
flyflewflown
forbidforbadeforbidden
forgetforgotforgotten
forgiveforgaveforgiven
freezefrozefrozen
getgotgotten
givegavegiven
gowentgone
growgrewgrown
hang*hunghung
havehadhad
hearheardheard
hidehidhidden
hithithit
holdheldheld
hurthurthurt
keepkeptkept
knowknewknown
laylaidlaid
leadledled
leaveleftleft
lendlentlent
letletlet
lie **laylain
lightlitlit
loselostlost
makemademade
meanmeantmeant
meetmetmet
paypaidpaid
putputput
quitquitquit
read ***readread
rideroderidden
ringrangrung
riseroserisen
runranrun
saysaidsaid
seesawseen
sellsoldsold
sendsentsent
setsetset
shakeshookshaken
shineshoneshone
shootshotshot
showshowedshown
shutshutshut
singsangsung
sinksanksunk
sitsatsat
sleepsleptslept
slideslidslid
speakspokespoken
spendspentspent
spinspunspun
spreadspreadspread
standstoodstood
stealstolestolen
stickstuckstuck
stingstungstung
strikestruckstruck
swearsworesworn
sweepsweptswept
swimswamswum
swingswungswung
taketooktaken
teachtaughttaught
teartoretorn
telltoldtold
thinkthoughtthought
throwthrewthrown
understandunderstoodunderstood
wakewokewoken
wearworeworn
winwonwon
withdrawwithdrewwithdrawn
writewrotewritten

* HANG - Hang ima dva različita značenja. Prvo je "okačiti" - "to attach (or hang) something in a high position" (e.g. on the wall or on a hook). U tom slučaju glagol je nepravilan, a oblici su hang-hung-hung.
Međutim, kada "hang" ima značenje "obesiti, vešati nekoga" - "to kill someone by putting a rope around someone's neck and leaving them in a high position without any support", koristimo pravilan glagol: hang-hanged-hanged.  Ovaj glagol je upotrebljavan da opiše javna pogubljenja u prošlosti (They hanged him in the main square.)

** LIE - Lie ima dva značenja. Kada znači "leći, ležati" - "to put your body in a horizontal position" (normally on a bed) koristi se lie-lay-lain.
Međutim, u značenju "lagati" - "not to say the truth"' je pravilan Lie-Lied-Lied.
*** READ - iako se piše isto, izgovara se različito u oblicima za Past Tense i Past Participle.


Ovi glagoli mogu biti i pravilni i nepravilni:
VerbPast SimplePast Participle
burnburned OR burntburned OR burnt
dreamdreamed OR dreamtdreamed OR dreamt
learnlearned OR learntlearned OR learnt
smellsmelled OR smeltsmelled OR smelt
Drugi oblik (burnt, dreamt itd.) se češće koristi u britanskoj verziji engleskog jezika.


Glagoli isti u sva tri oblika:
VerbPast SimplePast Participle
betbetbet
broadcastbroadcastbroadcast
cutcutcut
hithithit
hurthurthurt
letletlet
putputput
quitquitquit
readreadread
setsetset
shutshutshut
spreadspreadspread
svi se čitaju i pišu isto osim read - read - read /ri:d, red, red/ koji se isto piše, a različito izgovara.

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