петак, 04. октобар 2013.

ENGLISH VERBS AND THEIR FORMS


ENGLISH VERBS have a limited number of forms:

Infinitive
-s/-es form
-ing form
-ed form
ask
asks
asking
asked
brush
brushes
brushing
brushed

These forms are used in the following cases:
  • Infinitive form – as an infinitive, imperative, or as the Present Simple:
  • They made me PLAY their game.
  • Go out and PLAY something else!
  • They often PLAY in my garden.

-s form (or -es form) is used as the 3rd person singular of the Present Simple Tense (affirmative form)
  • Every morning Jack GETS up at seven, MAKES breakfast and GOES to work. He never COMES back home before five or six in the evening.


  • -ing form is used to make the Present Participle, which is used to make Continuous tenses
  • Jane was reading while her children were playing in the garden.
  • I am trying really hard to understand what you are talking about.
  • -ed form (or -d form) is used to make the affirmative form of the Past Simple tense, or the past participle (as a part of Perfect tenses or the Passive):
  • He played in the match last week.
  • He has just played a good match.
  • During the tournament, several matches will be played in this court.

Irregular verbs do not have –ed form, but different forms for the Past Simple and the Past Participle


Infinitive
-s/-es form
-ing form
Past Simple
Past Participle
go
goes
going
went
gone
ride
rides
riding
rode
ridden




    Irregular verbs are usually printed in three-column lists:
infinitive Past simple Past participle
Go Went Gone
Come Came Come
Bring Brought Brought
Put Put Put

The exception to the rule is the verb BE, which has
  • three forms for the Present Simple – am, is, are
  • two forms for the Past Simple – was, were

Forms of BE
Infinitive
-ing form
Present Simple
Past Simple
Past Participle
be
being
am/is/are
was/were
been




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