петак, 04. октобар 2013.

COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES



It is used when we compare two things or two groups of things (people…etc.)

The easiest rule for the comparative form is:
- Add the ending -er to one-syllable words and to two syllable words ending in –y, e.g.
  • fast – faster
  • easy – easier
  • big - bigger

Comparisons involve at least two people or two things. We use than before the second part of the comparison:
  • Peter is taller than Jim
  • This car is faster than that one.

- Put more (adverb of degree) in front of longer words, e.g.
  • difficult – more difficult
  • interesting – more interesting
  • beautiful – more beautiful
In sentences:
  • Mary is more beautiful than Sally.
  • This book is more interesting than that one.

SUPERLATIVE – The superlative of a word is used to compare three or more things/people and to pick out one thing/person as more “X” than all the others.
  • Everest is the highest mountain in the world.
  • It is also the most famous mountain in the world.

As you can see, we compare adjectives like this:
  • big – bigger – the biggest
  • easy – easier – the easiest
  • interesting – more interesting – the most interesting
  • famous – more famous – the most famous

Some adjectives do not normally have comparative and superlative forms: absent, equal, left, opposite, right, single.

Certain adjectives have separate forms for comparative and superlative, or are in some other way “irregular”:
  • good – better – the best (the same is used for ‘well’, meaning ‘in good health’
  • bad, ill, evil – worse – the worst
  • many, much – more – the most


Some adjectives form their comparative and superlative degrees in two ways:
  • old – older/elder – the oldest/eldest
  • far – farther/further – the farthest/furthest
  • late – later – the latest/last
  • near – nearer – the nearest/next

Note the meaning of some of these adjective forms:
  • elder – born first of the two
  • eldest – born before the other members of the family
  • farther/further – longer in distance
  • further – more, extra
  • latest – newest
  • last – final
  • nearest – closest
  • next – the one after this

Don’t forget:
  • As…as…
  • John is as tall as Bob.
  • Your house is as large as mine.
  • Not so/as.. as..
  • This book is not so interesting as that one.
  • The tree is not as tall as the building over there.
In idioms





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