среда, 04. март 2015.

PREPOSITIONS

Preposition
Use
Examples
in
in months
in July; in September
year
in 1985; in 1999
seasons
in summer; in the summer of 69
part of the day
in the morning; in the afternoon; in the evening
duration
in a minute; in two weeks
at
part of the day
at night
time of day
at 6 o'clock; at midnight
celebrations
at Christmas; at Easter
fixed phrases
at the same time
on
days of the week
on Sunday; on Friday
date
on the 25th of December*
special holidays
on Good Friday; on Easter Sunday; on my birthday
a special part of a day
on the morning of September the 11th*
after
later than something
after school
ago
how far something happened (in the past)
6 years ago
before
earlier than something
before Christmas
between
time that separates two points
between Monday and Friday
by
not later than a special time
by Thursday
during
through the whole of a period of time
during the holidays
for
period of time
for three weeks
from ... to
from... till/until
two points form a period
from Monday to Wednesday
from Monday till Wednesday
from Monday until Wednesday
past
time of the day
23 minutes past 6 (6:23)
since
point of time
since Monday
till/until
no later than a special time
till tomorrow
until tomorrow
to
time of the day
23 minutes to 6 (5:37)
up to
not more than a special time
up to 6 hours a day
within
during a period of time
within a day

Preposition
Use
Examples
above
higher than something
The picture hangs above my bed.
across
from one side to the other side
You mustn't go across this road here.
There isn't a bridge across the river.
after
one follows the other
The cat ran after the dog.
After you.
against
directed towards something
The bird flew against the window.
along
in a line; from one point to another
They're walking along the beach.
among
in a group
I like being among people.
around
in a circular way
We're sitting around the campfire.
behind
at the back of
Our house is behind the supermarket.
below
lower than something
Death Valley is 86 metres below sea level.
beside
next to
Our house is beside the supermarket.
between
something/somebody is on each side
Our house is between the supermarket and the school.
by
near
He lives in the house by the river.
close to
near
Our house is close to the supermarket.
down
from high to low
He came down the hill.
from
the place where it starts
Do you come from Tokyo?
in front of
the part that is in the direction it faces
Our house is in front of the supermarket.
inside
opposite of outside
You shouldn't stay inside the castle.
into
entering something
You shouldn't go into the castle.
near
close to
Our house is near the supermarket.
next to
beside
Our house is next to the supermarket.
off
away from something
The cat jumped off the roof.
onto
moving to a place
The cat jumped onto the roof.
opposite
on the other side
Our house is opposite the supermarket.
out of
leaving something
The cat jumped out of the window.
outside
opposite of inside
Can you wait outside?
over
above something/somebody
The cat jumped over the wall.
past
going near something/somebody
Go past the post office.
round
in a circle
We're sitting round the campfire.
through
going from one point to the other point
You shouldn't walk through the forest.
to
towards something/somebody
I like going to Australia.

Can you come to me? 
I've never been to Africa.
towards
in the direction of something
We ran towards the castle.
under
below something
The cat is under the table.
up
from low to high
He went up the hill.
Preposition
Examples
in
We sit in the room.
I see a house in the picture.
There are trouts in the river.
He lives in Paris.
I found the picture in the paper.
He sits in the corner of the room.
He sits in the back of the car.
We arrive in Madrid.
He gets in the car.
She likes walking in the rain.
My cousin lives in the country.
There are kites in the sky.
He plays in the street. (BE)
She lives in a hotel.
The boys stand in a line.
There is a big tree in the middle of the garden.
He is in town.
I have to stay in bed.
You mustn't park your car in front of the school.
The robber is in prison now.
at
She sits at the desk.
Open your books at page 10.
The bus stops at Graz.
I stay at my grandmother's.
I stand at the door.
Look at the top of the page.
The car stands at the end of the street.
Can we meet at the corner of the street?
I met John at a party.
Pat wasn't at home yesterday.
I study economics at university.
The children are at grandmother's.
He's looking at the park.
He always arrives late at school.
on
The map lies on the desk.
The picture is on page 10.
The photo hangs on the wall.
He lives on a farm.
Dresden lies on the river Elbe.
Men's clothes are on the second floor.
He lives on Heligoland.
The shop is on the left.
My friend is on the way to Moscow.
Write this information on the front of the letter.
When she was a little girl people saw unrealistic cowboy films on television.







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