субота, 27. август 2016.

Verbs: multi-word verbs

Verbs: multi-word verbs

Multi-word verbs are verbs which consist of a verb and one or two particles or prepositions (e.g. up, over, in, down). There are three types of multi-word verbs: phrasal verbs, prepositional verbs and phrasal-prepositional verbs. Sometimes, the name ‘phrasal verb’ is used to refer to all three types.

Phrasal verbs

Phrasal verbs have two parts: a main verb and an adverb particle.
The most common adverb particles used to form phrasal verbs are aroundat, away, down, in, offon, out, over, round, up:
bring in go around look up put away take off


Phrasal verbs often have meanings which we cannot easily guess from their individual parts. (The meanings are in brackets.)
The book first came out in 1997. (was published)
The plane took off an hour late. (flew into the air)
The lecture went on till 6.30. (continued)
It’s difficult to make out what she’s saying. (hear/understand)
For a complete list of the most common phrasal verbs, see the Cambridge International Dictionary of Phrasal Verbs.

(“Verbs: multi-word verbs” from English Grammar Today © Cambridge University Press.)